Relation between In Vitro Toxicity and the Thiol-Reactivity of Methacrylates in Resin-Based Biomaterials -

In this study we aimed to further map the suggested relation between GSH-depletion and methacrylate toxicity by comparing the molecular effects of methacrylate exposure and GSH-depletion by inhibiting GSH-synthesis.

DNA damage, cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis induced in BEAS-2B cells by 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA). -

The methacrylate monomer 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) is commonly used in resin-based dental restorative materials. These materials are cured in situ and HEMA and other monomers have been identified in ambient air during dental surgery. In vitro studies have demonstrated a toxic potential of methacrylates, and concerns have been raised regarding possible health effects due to inhalation. In this study we have investigated the mechanisms of HEMA-induced toxicity in the human lung epithelial cell line BEAS-2B..

Role of thiol-complex formation in 2-hydroxyethyl-methacrylate-induced toxicity in vitro -

Methacrylate monomers that are found to leach from cured resin-based dental materials induce biological effects in vitro. The underlying mechanisms have not been fully elucidated although involvement of increased cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA-damage has been suggested

DNA damage and DNA damage responses in THP-1 monocytes after exposure to spores of either Stachybotrys chartarum or Aspergillus versicolor or to T-2 toxin. -

Mold spores and their associated mycotoxins have been suggested to be the cause of a variety of human health problems such as asthma and allergic rhinitis related to water-damaged indoor environments. Animal studies have shown that mycotoxins may cause a variety of adverse effects, including acute toxic effects and cancer

HEMA reduces cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in vitro. -

Methacrylate monomers have been identified in aqueous extracts of freshly cured compomers. Both cells in the pulpal cavity and various cells of the oral mucosa can potentially be exposed to these leachables.