The dental monomer hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) counteracts lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-1β release-Possible role of glutathione. -

HEMA reduced GSH levels and decreased IL-1β release from LPS-stimulated macrophages. The role of GSH in the regulation of IL-1β release was explored. GSH depletion alone could not explain the attenuation of LPS-induced IL-1β release. Electrophile reactivity toward other cellular molecules is a new working hypothesis

Dental monomers inhibit LPS-induced cytokine release from the macrophage cell line RAW264.7 -

Methacrylate monomers have been identified in aqueous extracts of freshly cured dental fillings. The hypothesis tested presently was that low concentrations of triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) alone or in combination interfere with the LPS-induced release of cytokines from the macrophage cell line RAW264.7.

Oral cancer, dental biomaterials, and inflammation -

The present paper discusses the potential role of dental biomaterials and inflammatory processes in gingival carcinogenesis. Parallel questions are associated with orthopedic implants that sometimes initiate malignant mesenchymal tumors like sarcomas.

Responses of the pulp–dentin organ to dental restorative biomaterials. -

Placement of a restorative material in dentin produces the possibility of pulpal injury. In vitro studies have shown that the constituents of dental biomaterials have toxic potentials. In the clinical setting, there may be an immediate reaction of the pulp to, for example, acid etching and to the placement of a bonding agent; however, in most cases the remaining dentin serves as protection against long-term or permanent damage to the pulp.