The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of different pre-treatments of alumina and zirconia copings on the bond strength of different luting materials. Pull out tests was performed on 60 alumina and 80 zirconia copings.
Undersizing of cast Ti crowns has been reported to be a problem. The diameter of standardized, cylindrical crowns was studied in this investigation using a photographic technique and cold moulds. The results show that the dimensional problem can be avoided by selecting a standard phosphate-bonded investment with a sufficiently high thermal expansion coefficient.
Eight females and eight males, 20 to 25 years old, were asked to produce a succession of maximum bites at three second intervals for as long as possible. The mean maximal bite force was 500 N ranging from 330 to 680 N.