The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of polymerization time and polymerization temperature on the residual methyl methacrylate (MMA) content of two heat-cured and two autopolymerized denture base polymers. Gas chromatography was used to determine the residual MMA content of three test specimens of each type of polymer. Increasing the polymerization temperature for the autopolymerized denture base resins from 30 degrees C to 60 degrees C decreased the residual MMA content of the polymer from an average of 4.6 wt% to 3.3 wt%. With the heat-cured denture base resins, a curing cycle at a polymerization temperature of 70 degrees C followed by a period at 100 degrees C significantly reduced the residual monomer content of the polymer when compared with a resin cured at 70 degrees C only. Polymerizing the heat-cured denture base resin at 100 degrees C only for various lengths of time significantly affected the residual MMA content of the polymer. The lowest residual MMA content (0.07 wt%) was obtained by polymerizing the heat-cured denture base resin at 100 degrees C for 12 h. The results of this study suggest that the polymerization temperature and polymerization time considerably affect the residual MMA content of denture base polymers.
Effect of polymerization temperature and time on the residual monomer content of denture base polymers.
Vallittu PK, Ruyter IE, Buykuilmaz S
Eur J Oral Sci. 1998 Feb; 106(1): 588-593.