Methods Two different resin mixtures (A and B) were prepared from poly(vinyl chloridecovinylacetate) powder and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) dissolved in methyl methacrylate and mixed with different cross-linking agents. The resin A contained the cross-linking agents ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and 1,4-butanediol dimethacrylate, and for resin B diethylene glycol dimethacrylate was used. Woven silica–glass fibers were used for reinforcement. The fibers were sized with either linear poly(butyl methacrylate)-sizing or cross-linking PMMA-sizing. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by filter diffusion test (ISO 7405:1997) of newly made and thermocycled test specimens. Extracts were prepared according to ISO 10993-12 from newly made and from thermocycled specimens and tested by the MTT assay. The results from the experiments were statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (ρ < 0.05).
Results The filter diffusion test disclosed no change in staining intensity at the cell-test sample contact area indicating non-cytotoxicity in all experimental groups. Cell viability assessed by MTT assay was more than 90% in all experimental groups. All are non-cytotoxic.
Significance It can be concluded that correctly processed heat polymerized silica–glass fiber reinforced polymers induced no cytotoxicity and that thermocycling did not alter this property.
Cytotoxicity of silica-glass fiber reinforced composites
Meric G, Dahl JE, Ruyter IE.
Dental Materials 2008; 24: 1201-1206.