The purpose of this investigation was to determine some mechanical properties of eight different posterior composites, and how they are affected by water sorption. Creep characteristics in compression were expressed as compliance/log time functions. Stress-strain relationship at a constant loading rate was determined both in compression and flexure, and presented as elastic modulus, ultimate strength, and ultimate strain. Water sorption increased creep values for all materials. Generally, the materials with the highest water sorption had the highest increase in creep. Water sorption decreased the elastic modulus and ultimate strength values. The creep values decreased and the elastic modulus increased with increasing quantity of inorganic fillers.
Composites for use in posterior teeth: mechanical properties tested under dry and wet conditions.
Øysæd H, Ruyter IE
J Biomed Mater Res. 1986 Feb; 20(2): 261-271