DESIGN: Multi-centre, questionnaire-based prospective study with follow-ups at around 14 days and around one year post-treatment.
SETTING: General practices and university clinics during the years 2007-2009 in Scandinavia.
SUBJECTS: Patients with tooth bleaching as part of the treatment plan.
RESULTS: The prevalence of experienced tooth sensitivity at first follow-up was independent of bleaching procedure (at-home = 50.3% [n = 143]; in-office = 39.3% [n = 28]; p >0.05; 95% CI [OR]: 0.198-1.102) whereas prevalence of gingival irritation was higher after in-office treatment (at-home = 14.0%; in-office = 35.7%; p <0.05) (mean age: 37.3 years; 73.7% women; n = 171). At the second follow-up, two and three patients reported side effects attributed to the bleaching treatment in the at-home and in-office groups, respectively. Predictors for side effects were tooth sensitivity, surface loss and gingivitis when observed at inclusion. Treatment-related predictors were bleaching concentration and contact between tray and gingiva.
CONCLUSIONS: Bleaching treatment, irrespective of method, caused a high prevalence of side effects. Patients associated with the predictors at inclusion mentioned above should be notified of the risk for side effects and treated only if bleaching is indicated based on a proper diagnosis.
Side effects of external tooth bleaching: a multi-centre practice-based prospective study.
Bruzell EM, Pallesen U, Thoresen NR, Wallman C, Dahl JE.
Br Dent J. 2013 Nov 8;215(9):E17.