To elucidate the role of cAMP and different cAMP-dependent protein kinases (PKA; A-kinase) in lung cell proliferation, we investigated rat alveolar type 2 cell proliferation in relation to activation or inhibition of PKA and PKA regulatory subunits (RIIα and RIα). Both the number of proliferating type 2 cells and the level of different regulatory subunits varied during 7 days of culture. The cells exhibited a distinct peak of proliferation after 5 days of culture. This proliferation peak was preceded by a rise in RIIα protein level. In contrast, an inverse relationship between RIα and type 2 cell proliferation was noted. Activation of PKA increased type 2 cell proliferation if given at peak RIIα expression. Furthermore, PKA inhibitors lowered the rate of proliferation only when a high RII level was observed. An antibody against the anchoring region of RIIα showed cell cycle-dependent binding in contrast to antibodies against other regions, possibly related to altered binding to A-kinase anchoring protein. Following activation of PKA, relocalization of RIIα was confirmed by immunocytochemistry. In conclusion, it appears that activation of PKA II is important in regulation of alveolar type 2 cell proliferation.
ReferenceRegulation of rat alveolar type 2 cell proliferation in vitro involves type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase Samuelsen JT, Schwarze PE, Huitfeldt H, Thrane V, Låg M, Refsnes M, Skarpen E, Becher R American Journal of Physiology – Lung cellular and Molecular Physiology 2007; 292: L232-L239.