Effect of curing and silanizing on composite repair bond strength using an improved micro-tensile test method -

To evaluate the micro-tensile repair bond strength between aged and new composite, using silane and adhesives that were cured or left uncured when new composite was placed.

Water sorption and solubility of polyamide denture base materials -

Some patients experience adverse reactions to poly(methyl methacrylate)-based (PMMA) dentures. Polyamide (PA) as an alternative to PMMA has, however, not been well documented with regard to water sorption and water solubility. The aim of this in vitro study was to measure water sorption and water solubility of two PA materials compared with PMMA, and to evaluate the major components released from the PA materials and the effect on hardness of the materials.

Kemiske stoffers skadevirkninger på tandklinikker (Side effects of chemical compounds used in dental clinics) -

The work at a dental clinic implies getting in contact with different chemical substances, which may cause temporary or permanent injury to the staff, primarily allergic reactions, but also local irritation, carcinogenic or toxic effects. Dentists and dental assistants belong to the professional groups most frequently experiencing work-related eczema. The chemical substances may originate from dental materials, such as mercury from amalgam and monomers from resin based materials. The substances may be released during preparation, polishing and removal of restorations. In addition, different biocides/chemical disinfectants are used for both clinical an infection control purposes. Finally, medical gloves contain allergenic latex protein and rubber chemicals and may cause irritant eczema. Basically, damages can be prevented by substitution of hazardous substances, the choice of approved products, compliance with set threshold limits and thorough planning of the work considering health aspects including the preparation of local guidelines. As development of injury follows either direct contact or inhalation of chemical substances, the damage can be prevented by measures such as the use of “no touch technique”, high-volume evacuation reducing spatter and aerosol formation and proper use of personal protective equipment in the form of protective gloves and eyewear and surgical masks. (Article in Danish)

Brug af fysiske værnemidler på tandklinikker (Use of physical protective equipment at dental clinics) -

Members of the dental team are exposed daily to biological, chemical and physical agents. These vary for example, from microorganisms to noise, and are present in forms as diverse as aerosols and gasses. National and international directives, legislation and guidelines for infection control, and occupational health issues intended for the dental clinic, govern the physical and other types of protection required. In addition, it is important to be acquainted with the justification for any specific protective item, when and when not to use it and when an upgrade is required. Examples are the purchase of new instruments and equipment or the outbreak of epidemics of new or altered microorganisms that require a new or a different type of protection. It is important to adapt the use of personal protection to an acceptable and practical level that includes the entire dental team. Occupational health education should be introduced at an early stage in the curriculum of the dental team. User competence in using personal protection must be ensured when new equipment is acquired. This article presents the types of exposure agents most frequently met in the dental clinic and the corresponding physical and other personal protection devices that should or may be used. (Article in Danish)

Bacterial biofilm elimination using gold nanorod localised surface plasmon resonance generated heat -

Bacterial biofilm elimination using gold nanorod localised surface plasmon resonance generated heat.
Highlights:
A technique for antibiotic replacement using heat for biofilm elimination is proposed.
Gold nanorods exhibit localised surface plasmon resonance upon optical irradiation and when relaxing, absorbed energy is dissipated as heat, which is utilized to kill bacteria.
After 5 minutes of near infrared irradiation an average of 71% of early biofilms were eliminated.

Investigation of the antimicrobial effect of natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) as solvents in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy -

Abstract Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) are a third class of liquids, separate from water and lipids. Some NADES, especially those containing organic acids, have been suggested to possess antimicrobial properties. Such properties may be advantageous when NADES are used as solvents in e.g. antimicrobial photodynamic therapy. However, to control the toxicity of acid-containing NADES, […]